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Go through the glorious past of India with these Historical Destinations in India

India is in South Asia and is the second-most populous country. It is the seventh-largest country by land area and the most populous democracy in the world. New Delhi is the capital of it. The official language of the country is Hindi and English. India is bounded by the Indian Ocean in the south the Arabian Sea on the southwest and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast. There are 29 states and 7 union territories in India. It shares the land borders with Pakistan to the west, China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north, and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east.

Rich History of India

The history of India can be categorized into three major categories- Ancient history, Medieval History, and freedom struggle. India’s history and culture are dynamic. It begins with a mysterious culture along the Indus River and in farming communities in the Southern lands of India. The use of copper, iron, and other metals was widely prevalent in the Indian subcontinent. By the end of the fourth millennium BC, the country India emerged as a region of highly developed civilization.

The medieval history went for a good three centuries under the indigenous rulers- Chalukyas, the Pallavas, the Pandyas, the Rashtrakutas, the Muslim rules, and the Mughal Empire. The major dynasty to emerge in the middle of the 9th century was Cholas. The Britishers came and ruled over India for almost 200 years. 15th August 1947 India became independent from the British Empire following the Independence Movement led by Mahatma Gandhi and his message of nonviolent resistance.

Iconic Places that represent India

1. Taj Mahal

The Taj Mahal is one of the seven wonders of the world. It is located on the banks of the river Yamuna in Agra city. It was constructed in the 17th century by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan as a memorial for his third wife, Mumtaj Mahal. Taj Mahal also holds the tomb of Shah Jahan himself. The Taj Mahal is built entirely out of white marble. It is indeed a UNESCO World Heritage Site. There are beautiful water channels and fountains at the entrance that make the taj Mahal even more spectacular. It can be accessed through the East, West, and South gates.

The Taj itself is made of semi-translucent white minarets. The cenotaph of Mumtaz Mahal lies directly below the main dome but the real tombs of Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan lie in a locked room below the main chamber.

2. Fatehpur Sikri

Fatehpur Sikri is located at a distance of around 40 km from Agra. It is beautiful in the Agra district and is a famous tourist attraction. It is a city that is predominantly made of red sandstone. It was founded in the 1571 century by Mughal Emperor Akbar. It is now a UNESCO World Heritage site and holds Jodha Bai’s Palace, Jama Mosque, Buland Darwaza, and Tomb of Salim Chisti among many other renowned monuments. It was built by Akbar to honour Sheikh Salim Chisti whose prediction came true while Akbar was visiting the then city of Sikri.

3. Ajanta and Ellora

Ajanta and Ellora caves are considered to be some of the best examples of ancient rock-cut caves and are located near Aurangabad in Maharashtra. The complex of Ajanta and Ellora caves is adorned with pretty sculptures, beautiful paintings, and frescoes and also includes Buddhist monasteries and Hindu and Jain temples. The Ajanta caves are a total of 29 in number and were constructed between the 2nd century BC and 6th century AD. Kailash temple is one of the most famous places in Ajanta and Ellora and is the single most massive monolithic structure globally.

4. Red Fort

Red Fort or the Lal Quila is a historical fortification in the old Delhi area. It was built in the year 1639 by Shah Jahan. It was used as the main residence of the emperors of the Mughal dynasty. Red Fort was formerly known as Quila-e-Mubarak or Blessed Fort. It is lying along the banks of the river Yamuna.

The fort beautifully represents Mughal architecture. The Red Fort holds numerous structures inside its premises. The most famous among them are- Diwan-i-Aam, the Diwan-i-Khaas, the Moti Masjid, and the Nahr-i-Bashisht.

5. Qutub Minar

Qutub Minar, a victory tower with a height of 72.5 meters is located in the Qutub complex. It is the second-tallest monument in Delhi. The construction of this minaret started in 1192 by Qutub Ud-Din-Aibak- founder of the Delhi sultanate. He built the basement after which the construction was taken over by his son-in-law and successor Iltutmish who then built three additional storeys. The fourth and fifth stories were constructed by Firoz Shah Tuglak. The architecture of Qutub Minar is amazing and is a fantastic example of Indo-Islamic architecture. It consists of a spiral staircase that has 379 stairs that take one to the top of the monument. This astounding five-story building has been constructed with red sandstone and marble. Delhi Tour Package

6. Humayun’s Tomb

Humayun’s Tomb is located in the Nizamuddin East area of Delhi and is the final resting place of the Mughal Emperor. It is the first garden tomb in the Indian subcontinent. Humayun’s Tomb beautifully flaunts its Mughal architecture with Persian influences. Due to its marvelous design and illustrious history, it was featured in UNESCO’s World Heritage List in the year 1993. The main attraction here is the jaalis door frames and Chhajja. It stands on a leaped terrace eight meters high and is spread over the 12000-meter square. This Humayun’s tomb holds over 100 gravestones and its entire base structure is elevated on a stage.

7. Colva

Colva is a coastal village in Salcete, South Goa on the west coast of India. It is truly a famous tourist destination and is visited for its serene beaches, beach shacks, and pubs. The Colva village had significant importance to Portugal and was the retreat for Goa’s high society which used to come to Colva for a change of air.

Today the Portuguese area is dotted with houses or villas including many ruins. Travelers come here to enjoy the sunset and various activities. The Colva beach is crowded in October month as religious pilgrims come and visit the Colva Church.

8. Amer Fort

Amer Fort is in the pink city of Jaipur cradled on the top of the Aravalli Hills. It is one of the most marvelous places in India. It is also known as Amber Fort. It is located around 11 km away from Jaipur. This fort is clad in pink and yellow sandstone and is part of an extensive complex. It was constructed by one of the most trusted generals of Akbar- Maharaja Man Singh I in the year 1592. This fort beautifully flaunts the Hindu and Rajputana styles of architecture. It is beautifully crafted out of marble and red sandstone giving it a rustic and mysterious look.

9. Somnath

Somnath is a pilgrim center and is home to one of the 12 Jyotirlingas. It is a town that derives much of its identity from the mythology, religion, and legends that surround it. Visit the Somnath temple and Somnath beach here which are of major attraction. There are other places like- Gita Mandir, Balukha Tirtha, Kamnath Mahadev temple, and Somnath Museum to visit. Somnath is renowned for holding Somnath temple and Somnath beach.

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Head towards Triveni Sangam temple which is believed to be a very sacred Moksha Tirtha for Hindus. The confluence of the three rivers- Hiran, Kapila, and Saraswati is the point where the rivers meet the Arabian Sea.

10. Dholavira

The stunning Dholavira is a famous weekend gateway in Gujarat state for those seeking peace and thrill. It is truly a paradise on earth. Dholavira is around 250kms away from the Bhuj district near the Khadir bet in the great Rann of Kutch of Gujarat. The beautiful Dholavira is an ancient town that contains historic ruins of the Indus Valley civilization. Locally it is called Kotada Timba and is the second-largest Harappan site in India and the fifth-largest in the Indian sub-continent.

The buildings in the region are built of sun-dried mud bricks and stone and beautifully flaunt its architecture. The major attraction of Dholavira is that it provides an insight into the pioneering Harappan mind with the world’s best water conservation system.

11. Khajuraho

Khajuraho is in Madhya Pradesh and is a famous UNESCO world heritage site in India. It is renowned for its astounding temples adorned with erotic and sensuous carvings. Khajuraho is a fantastic example of Indian architecture and its culture back in the medieval period. The architecture of these Hindu and Jain temples beautifully showcases the erotic forms of love.

The carvings on the walls display passion in the most sensuous and aesthetic ways. Constructed between 950 to 1050 AD the sheer confrontational nature of these carvings showcases a stark paradox with the conventional Indian ideals about eroticism that leaves the visitors spellbound.

12. Hampi

Hampi is a UNESCO World Heritage site located in the Northern part of Karnataka. It lies within the ruins of the ancient, prosperous kingdom of Vijaynagar. The ruins at Hampi are a collection of heritage sites that showcase the fantastic Dravidian style of art and architecture. The most significant heritage monument on this site is the Virupaksha temple which continues to be the most significant religious center for the Hindus.

Other several monuments are part of this heritage site and together they are known as the Group of Monuments at Hampi. Surrounded almost by 500 ancient monuments, pretty temples, street markets, treasury buildings, and captivating remains of the Vijayanagar empire.

13. Mahabalipuram

Mahabalipuram or Mamallapuram is renowned for holding pretty carved temples and rock-cut caves. It is a historically important and loved tourist location located on the Coromandel Coast along the Bay of Bengal in Tamil Nadu. It was once the abode of the famous demon King Mahabali.

Head towards this stunning destination to witness the pretty white sandy beaches dotted with casuarina trees. Some of the most famous tourist places are- Shore Temple, the Five Rathas, and the crocodile bank which is home to some species of crocodiles and alligators.

14. Kaziranga

Kaziranga National Park is located at a distance of about 200 km from Guwahati in Nagaon and Golaghat district. it is home to several animals like- Rhinos, Elephants, Tigers, Hog Deer, Sambhar, and Swamp Deer. One can enjoy the thrilling Jeep or Elephant Safari. The picturesque view and the natural aura are indeed worth paying a visit. Grab a chance to explore Majuli island a river island in the river Brahmaputra, in Jorhat, Assam. This place is all covered by greenery and thus is an apt destination. It is apt for photography and bird-watching.

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15. Kumarakom

Kumarakom is an entrancing backwater destination on the pristine Vembanad Lake in the backwaters of Kerala. It is located near Kottayam city. The beautiful Kumarakom is a cluster of several small man-made islands reclaimed from the lake. It beautifully offers unworldly natural beauty and charm. Kumarakom is a group of islands on the Vembanad Lake and is a small village where the water has a prominent role in the daily activities of the villagers.

The stunning Kumarakom is set in the backdrop of the pristine Vembanad Lake which is the largest in the state of Kerala. Kumarakom truly attracts tourists from all over the world with its pristine and picturesque beauty.

16. Mahabodhi Temple

The beautiful Mahabodhi temple is one of the holiest sites of Buddhism. It is located in Bodh Gaya in the central part of Bihar state on the banks of river Niranjana. It is one of the oldest brick temples in India. This temple is around 96 km away from Patna. The first temple was built by King Ashoka in the 3rd century BC while the present temple complex was erected between the 6th and 5th century BC. This temple beautifully showcases the life and teachings of Lord Buddha. The sacred Bodhi tree under which Siddhartha Gautama meditated and attained spiritual knowledge is situated on the west side of the temple.

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