Dehradun is located in the Garhwal region of Uttarakhand. It is one of the oldest cities of Uttarakhand and also the capital city of Uttarakhand. It is nested in the Doon valley in the foothills of the Shivalik range and located at an elevation of 434 meters. Dehradun is having a British institute named Forest Reserve Institute and Indian Military Academy, various mysterious caves, waterfalls, water streams, and spectacular temples. It is located close to various cities like Haridwar, Rishikesh, Delhi, and Mussoorie to name a few. Dehradun is also having some prestigious educational institutions such as Doon School, Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology and many more. Some major popular events and festivals are also hosted in Dehradun like the Tapleshwar festival, Jhanga fair, Bissu fair, and Mahasu Devta fair to name a few. Dehradun is also hoving some of the best and finest shopping streets like Paltan Bazar, Tibetan market, Indira market and many more. In Dehradun city, people of different castes and communities live with peace and harmony. Dehradun is also having the biggest domestic airport in Uttarakhand that is Jolly Grant airport. Dehradun is the gateway to the famous hill station that is Mussoorie and also the pilgrimage spots of Haridwar and Rishikesh. Dehradun is also known as the education capital of Uttarakhand as it is having various educational institutions.
Dehradun is a beautiful valley nestled in the foothills of the Shivalik range and gives a spectacular view of snow-clad mountains. Dehradun got it’s named the year 1676 when Shri Ram Rai who was the eldest son of the seventh Sikh Guru, Har Rai Ji who set up his camp or “Dera” in a valley or “Duri”. So this is how Dehradun later became famous Dehradun. As per the mythology, it is said that the Mughal emperor was amazed to see the supernatural power of Ram Rai. So a temple or a Gurudwara was built in Dhamawala. The construction of the building of Darbar Shri Guru Ram Raj Ji Maharaj was done in the year 1707. The Britishers rule over Dehradun along with a major part of the Garhwal and Kumaon region which was the part of Uttarpradesh then, in the year 1816. Before British rule, Mughals use to rule like Mahmud of Ghazni, followed by Taimooralang in 1386, Ruahela Njibuddulo in 1757 and Ghulam Qadir in the year 1785. Finally, in the year 2000, Uttarakhand which was earlier known as Uttaranchal was formed and under the Reorganization Act 2000, Dehradun was declared as the capital of Uttarakhand.